Monday, September 10, 2018

What You Need to Know About Abbreviations

Abbreviations, what are they, and how do we use them?
    There are different kinds of abbreviations. The way an abbreviation is written relies on the category it belongs to.

    •  write abbreviations with capital letters
    • write full stops
    • to use apostrophes

    Words that are formed from initial letters of other words and pronounced as they are spelled.  A few examples:

    Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

    North Atlantic Treaty Organisation

    United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organisation

    SIM (Card)
    Subscriber Identification Module

    Note: Most acronyms can be written as capital letters or with an initial capital letter at the beginning of  the word.

    Some are well-established within society, so much so  that they've become 'normal' words.

    Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation

    Radio detection and ranging

    Quasi-autonomous  non-governmental organisation

    Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus


    A contraction is an abbreviation with letters removed from the middle of the word.
    • Dr - Doctor
    • St - Saint
    • Ltd - Limited
    • Revd - Reverend
    Contractions can also appear as abbreviated forms of more than one word. 

    For example:
    • I'll - I will/I shall
    • We've - We have
    • Shouldn't - Should not

    Initialisms are abbreviations consisting of initials (first letters) of words pronounced as separate letters when spoken.

    For example:
    • BBC - British Broadcasting Association
    • MP - Member of Parliament
    • UN - United Nations
    • UK - United Kingdom
    • CD - Compact Disc
    Note: Full stops aren't required after the letters in an initialism.

    Apostrophes aren't required when forming the plural of an initialism.  Examples:

    CDs - I bought some CDs last week.

    MPs - MPs took a vote against the bill last night.


    A shortening is an abbreviation where the end or beginning of a word has been dropped. 
    • Cello - violincello
    • Flu - Influenza
    • Ad - Advertisement
    • Blog - Weblog
    • Telly - Television
    • Bike - Bicycle
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