Monday, January 22, 2018

What Are Inflections?

The Definition of an inflection is when letters are added to nouns, adjectives, and verbs to show their different grammatical forms.

The inflection changes the form of a noun, ajective, verb etc., its used to distinguish case, gender, mood, number vocie.  Usually used to express numerous meanings.

Words have letters added to the base form of the word when they're inflected.

Some Examples:
  • base word: cat
  • inflection (plural): cats
  • base word: swim
  • inflection (present participle) swimming

Inflections in Nouns

Creating plural nouns with "-s" or "-es"

Singular/plural with "-s"
  • goat/goats
  • table/tables
  • tree/trees
  • girl/girls
Singular/plural with "-es"
  • fox/foxes
  • wish/wishes
  • potato/potatoes
  • bus/buses
When the base singular form of the word is a "y"
  • city/cities
  • berry/berries
  • fairy/fairies
  • daisy/daisies
Here are some irregular plurals
  • sheep/sheep
  • mouse/mice
  • moose/moose
  • criterion/crieria
  • analysis/analyses
Inflections in Verbs

Present tense

You add an "-s" or an "-es" to the base form of a regular verb in the third person to show infection.

Example "to dream".
  • I dream
  • You dream (singular/plural)
  • We dream
  • They dream
Example "to do".
  • I do
  • You do (singular/plural)
  • We do
  • They do
Past Tense

You add a "-d" or an "-ed" to the base form of the regular verb to show inflection.

Example "to breathe"
  • I breathed
  • You breathed (singular/plural)
  • He/she/it breathed
  • We breathed
  • They breathed

Example "to jump"
  • I jumped
  • You jumped (singular/plural)
  • He/she/it jumped
  • We jumped
  • They jumped
Future Tense

The base form of the verb doesn't change but instead the word will is added.

Example "to eat"
  • I will eat
  • You will eat (singular/plural)
  • He/she/it will eat
  • We will eat
  • They will eat

Irregular Verbs

There are various changes with irregular verbs with no set pattern.

Example "to go" past tense
  • I went
  • You went (singular/plural)
  • He'she/it is
  • We are
  • They are