What is a Sentence? [Meaning and Types of Sentences]

All sentences contain one subject and one verb expressing a complete thought.  Always starting with a capital letter and ending with punctuation which is either full-stop(.), a question mark (?), or an exclamation mark (!).

  • He walks.
  • She likes pears.
  • Where are you going?
  • Ruth studies French.

Often sentences have hidden subjects which is understood to be you.  These are orders or commands telling the audience to do something i.e. (you) + do something.

  • Open the door.
  • Close the door.
  • Be quiet!
  • Please try harder.

There are complete sentences that do not follow the grammatical patterns or structures, but are considered complete sentences.  These are understood when spoken or written.  See examples below.

  • Goodbye!
  • Pardon!
  • How do you do.
  • How cruel it is.

Four Kinds of Sentences

Sentences can be classified into four types: exclamatory, imperative, interrogative and declarative sentences.

Exclamatory Sentences

An exclamatory sentence shows a strong feeling or statement like surprise, anger or a greeting.

  • That's great!
  • How interesting!
  • What a beautiful day.

Imperative Sentences

These sentences are orders or commands, telling the readers to do something.  Putting You into the sentence.

  • Be smart and flexible
  • Don't park your lorry over there.
  • Finish your assignment.

Declarative Sentences

These sentences can be either positive or negative, and also called statements.  These sentences inform or tell their audience something.

  • The plane has two engines.
  • The phone needs charging.
  • I'm not going to the party.

Interrogative Sentences

Interrogative sentences ask for information feedback from the audience, listeners or readers.

  • Are you a pilot?
  • Where is your hotel?
  • The video is interested isn't it?